Muscle twitches can happen in any part of the body including the skeletal muscles like those in the hand, back, calf, and thigh or the smooth muscles in the digestive system. Twitching is an involuntary contraction of the muscle usually from depletion of the necessary electrolytes, excess muscle overload, or dehydration.
Also, it could be as a result of nerve stimulation. The treatment depends on the affected muscles and the cause of the tremble, but a majority of them are not severe, and you can treat them at home. In this article, we look at various ways to stop a muscle spasm and possible prevention measures.
Treating Muscle Twitch At Home
Stop the action
Twitches can happen during exercise or while performing normal daily routines. Therefore, stop the activity when shivering starts and try to massage or rub the affected area to help in relaxing the muscle and increase the blood flow.
Rest the muscles
Rest the muscles for a few days especially if it concerns your back. Your muscles could be strained and need time to recover without extra stress. Try stretching to prevent any stiffness, but don’t bend or twist the torso.
Stretch and perform gentle exercises for back twitches
Stretching helps to pull the muscle in the opposite direction of the contracted muscles. However, if you feel pain, stop immediately. Don’t do them when the condition is severe or painful. Try walking around as you lift your knees and keeping the back straight to provide a gentle stretch movement to the lower back and ease the muscle.
Using a cold press or heating pad- Heat makes the muscle relax and stops twitching. Ice helps in relieving pain; hence, the first time it occurs, use a cold press. Place an ice pack on the area for thirty minutes after every three to four hours. Use heat when the activity occurs and ice when resting.
Drink a lot of fluids and electrolytes
If your muscles are dehydrated, it is advisable to get enough hydration.
Electrolytes and water can help in replenishing a reduced supply of magnesium, calcium, potassium, and sodium needed for the muscles to contract and relax adequately. Muscle twitches could be an indication of mineral or vitamin deficiency; hence, ensure you take high-quality multi-minerals and multi-vitamins
Use over the counter medicine Sometimes muscle spasms can cause severe pain. Therefore, ask your doctor about the right over the counter drugs to use.
Take anti-inflammatory drugs
Such tend to reduce any excessive swelling or inflammation to the affected area. Also, they help in increasing blood circulation allowing the area to heal. Your doctor can recommend the right medication based on the nature and extent of your problem.
Swallow muscle relievers
If you are nursing an injury that is causing constant twitches, see your doctor to prescribe the right muscle relaxers to increase blood flow. Find out if any of the drugs you are currently taking is causing the problem. Flexeril is common in dealing with severe twitches as it works on your central nervous system while ibuprofen is ideal for relieving acute symptoms from muscle twitches. Monitor your intake as some can be highly addictive.
Seek medical attention for chronic twitches
If the condition is painful and won’t go away using simple remedies, visit your doctor. The re-occurrence and severity could be an indication of an underlying problem. The issue could be an overuse of the muscle to an underlying metabolic disorder.
Treating Smooth Muscle Twitches
Recognize the symptoms
Symptoms of smooth twitches vary depending on the affected muscles. Spasms in the intestines cause diarrhea and pain, while urinary tract twitches happen with the presence of kidney stones. Such can be fatal; hence, rule out the problem or treat it accordingly.
Seek medical intervention for twitches of the respiratory tract, urinary track, or the digestive system
It’s impossible to control the smooth twitches found in the stomach and heart. Twitches in these could imply an underlying medical issue.
If the condition is severe, the doctor may prescribe Botox to paralyze the affected muscles or drugs to restore neurotransmitter levels. Discuss the options with your physician.
Schedule bathroom trips for bladder twitches
Visit the washroom every 1 to 2 hours to empty the bladder. You can take longer as the shivers decrease. Kegel exercises can help by strengthening and relaxing the bladder. Squeeze your bladder muscle to tighten your pelvic muscles, but consult your doctor for specific instructions.
Preventing Muscle Twitches
to minimize muscle twitching since muscles are more likely to twitch when dehydrated. Drink at least eight glasses of water or a healthy drink per day and replace electrolytes by taking electrolyte-enhancing drinks. Such helps in replenishing potassium and sodium more so for people who work out more.
Stay on a healthy diet
Eat healthy foods with the right nutrients to avoid muscle twitching. Adjust your diet to relieve intestinal spasms caused by irritable bowel syndrome. Try consuming healthy fats, antioxidants, and potassium. The best foods and fruits to take include:
- Sesame seeds,
- Dried fruits,
- Brown rice,
- Tofu, Prune juice
Engage in regular exercise regimen
Regular exercise is important in relieving muscle twitches and strengthening them. You will get instant relief if you have injured your muscles. Physical therapy can help in healing muscles and reduce twitching. Likewise, it improves your overall health; but ask your therapist the right workouts to help in relieving the muscles and preventing the convulsions.
Stretch whenever you can
Twitching occurs when muscles contract; therefore, stretching helps in preventing the contractions. Stretching exercises keep the muscles loose and flexible; hence, ensure you stretch before and after undergoing rigorous exercise for a longer period. If the twitches happen at night, stretch your muscles before going to bed. Cardio workouts like biking or jumping just before bedtime can help in improving your condition. Seek medical interventions if the convulsions persist for a prolonged period of time.